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History of the profession


The first bodyguard unit is the Scottish Guard created by King Charles VII around 1423. This unit is made up of Scottish soldiers bearing the title of archers of the king's body. The term of archer indicates at the time a lightly armed horseman, unlike the people of arms or armored horsemen. Louis XI added two companies of French archers to this guard. A fourth company is created by François Ier in 1515. From this time, the Scottish company counts more French than Scots.

The four companies of bodyguards - this term supplanting in the sixteenth century that of body archer - have however no connection between them. They are led by different captains, often of high rank. The Scottish company is thus often commanded by members of the royal family of Scotland , the French companies by marshals of France . In 1664, Louis XIV endowed the bodyguards with a joint staff .

The bodyguard companies were abolished in 1791. Many of their members participated in the counter-revolution . The body was restored in 1814 and definitively deleted in 1830.

Historically, we find in France the first meaning of this term under Philippe-Auguste , who instituted this charge in 1192. It is a part of the sergeants- at-arms who therefore constitutes the first bodyguards intended for the protection of his person . We can see here the resurgence of the principle of the Praetorian Guard , which in ancient times protected the emperor . In the case of the bodyguard of Philippe-Auguste, the members constituting it belonged to the nobility . This official function will be abolished as such in 1792, at the same time as the Guards of the sleeve (a body of twenty-four gentlemen not leaving the king, created by Charles VII ). Louis XVIII will restore these two bodies, which will be dissolved again in 1830. On March 24, 1854, Napoleon III created by decree the squadron of the hundred guards on horseback, body of elite riders charged with its protection.

In Japan , the equivalent of this role is held by the yojimbo ("bodyguard" in Japanese). The term "rōnin" is also used in medieval Japan to designate a bodyguard, the rōnin (浪人) were masterless samurai . A samurai who found himself idle and without his master was thus forced to sell his services to the cause of the highest bidder as a mercenary or bodyguard.


"... American football is a collective sport known for mixing complex strategies and intense physical play. The object of the game is to score points by carrying an oval ball up to a goal zone called the opposing end zone at the end of the field.

A team consists of an offensive squad, a defensive squad and special units.

The team in possession of the ball in attack must advance the ball by running or passing it forward to the END ZONE to register a TOUCHDOWN.

The opposing team, in defense must prevent this progression ... "


Close protection has been codified by the secret service of the United States of America , taking the example of the protection of the balloon considered as the "VIP" to be protected. This is why it was necessary to put protection strategies when one had to move from one place to another.

Obviously there is no such thing as zero risk, but you have to get close to it, there are always defense systems to improve and you have to adapt according to the person to be protected.

Articles of law   of the profession

Private security activities are framed by book VI of the internal security code.

The organic law defining the general legal framework for private security activities is the law of July 12, 1983, it was fully transposed into the internal security code on May 1, 2012.

All professionals in the private security sector (companies and employees) are subject to the code of ethics for private security activities. The latter is integrated into the regulatory part of the internal security code (book VI).

The CNAPS (National Council for Private Security Activities) issues, among other things, approvals for companies (authorization to practice), managers (aptitude) and agents (professional card).

Within the framework of the missions of physical protection of the people, the agents are subjected not only to book VI of the CSI but also to the provisions of the penal code and the code of penal procedure of which they have a perfect knowledge.

All documents emanating from a company whose object is notably to protect the physical integrity of people must reproduce the identification of the administrative authorization provided for in article L. 612-9 of the code of internal security as well as the provisions of article L. 612-14. This text is therefore found at the bottom of each page of this site.

Article L611-1 Article L612-9 Article L612-14 Article L612-1

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